Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.604438
Title: Design and synthesis of myo-inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate receptor antagonists : design and synthesis of IP3 receptor antagonists
Author: Ye, Yulin
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2013
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Abstract:
Well-regulated Ca2+ signalling is essential for every living organism, and disruption of this signalling can lead to diseases including heart failure, neurological disorders and diabetes. Intracellular Ca2+ levels are regulated by influx of extracellular Ca2+ through channels located in the cell membrane. In addition, release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores also plays an important role in controlling intracellular Ca2+ concentration. Of the three types of intracellular Ca2+ stores that have been characterised those with D-myo-Inositol 1,4,5 trisphosphate receptors (InsP3Rs) showed a close relationship with cell proliferation. Hence, selective blockage of InsP3Rs will allow better understanding of Ca2+ signalling and might also unveil novel treatment for cancers, in the long term. There were no selective InsP3Rs antagonists known at the start of these studies. Based on the crystal structure of InsP3Rs bound to InsP3 and SAR studies of InsP3, we designed and tested several InsP3 analogues.1 Compound 15, 16 and 23 acted as InsP3R antagonists, though their selectivity for InsP3Rs was not completely determined. Furthermore, we also attempted to improve the potency of 16 via substitution at the 1-postion phosphate. By considering the interaction formed between adenophosphostins and InsP3Rs compounds (53-55) were designed and synthesised. In addition, analogues of compound 92, selected from an in silico screen, have led to the discovery of another novel scaffold that acts as an InsP3R antagonist.
Supervisor: Conway, Stuart Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.604438  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Life Sciences ; Pharmacology ; Chemical biology ; Organic chemistry ; Organic synthesis ; Synthetic organic chemistry ; Calcium release ; antagonist ; inositol trisphosphates ; inositol
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