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Title: Justification to life : a reading of Romans 1-8 against the background of key themes of Jewish eschatology
Author: Hartmann, J. J.
Awarding Body: University of Cambridge
Current Institution: University of Cambridge
Date of Award: 2001
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This thesis builds on Sanders' case that early Judaism saw the covenant as the sphere of salvation, revising it with respect to the function of Law-observance in the process that leads to final vindication, and offering a reading of Romans 1-8 against the background of a Jewish eschatological framework in which justification leads to eternal life. Chapters one and two maintain that Jewish sectarians of the second-temple period (esp. the Enochic stream and the Qumran sect) held that most of Israel was apostate (thus outside the saving efficacy of the covenant) and that God had renewed the covenant with an elect remnant that had repented of this historic pattern of disobedience and returned to the way of righteousness revealed in the sectarian interpretation of the Mosaic Law. This differs from the nationalistic view of the covenant assumed by Sanders and advocates of the new perspective on Paul. Even in those writings that are slightly less sectarian (e.g. Psalms of Solomon) it is evident that the heirs of salvation were the pious within Israel who pursued the way of righteousness revealed in the Law. While righteousness was a covenantal status possessed by those who observed the Law, it was also a forensic and eschatological idea, constituting the precondition for final justification that leads to eternal life. In chapters three to nine it is argued that Paul adopted the commonly held Jewish position that a status of righteousness within the covenant is the precondition for final justification that leads to eternal life (chapter three). For Paul, however, the problem of sin was so acute that he righteousness available through the Law of Moses failed as the means of attaining eschatological justification, which in turn raised a question of theodicy in relation to God's promises of salvation to Israel (chapter four).
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available