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Title: Water resilient communities (sustainable water evaluation process)
Author: McKeown, Paul J.
Awarding Body: University of Ulster
Current Institution: Ulster University
Date of Award: 2013
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Water Resilience and Water ' Security is of primary importance to society, the economy and the environment at both global and local levels and Sustainable Water Management Systems (SWMS) are acknowledged as the way forward to deliver a multifaceted approach to managing the environmental, economic, and social resource aspects of design for land development. Therefore, a process model is required to explore the linkages and implications of utilising existing ad-hoc water saving technologies such as Rainwater Harvesting, Greywater Reuse and Sustainable Drainage Systems. This study provides a balanced alternative from traditional potable water supply and flood alleviation techniques, by adopting the concept of a secondary water supply, while providing the added advantage of controlling surface water runoff. However, for an evaluation process model to succeed at the planning and design stages there is also a need to have an in-depth understanding of not only legislation and policies, but also the complex multi-variables associated with site location demographics and key stakeholder preference. This Sustainable Water Evaluation Process (SWEP) was developed to integrate these complex variables by providing a quantative, qualitative and economic model analysis, in line with best management practice, assessed against selection scenarios, as defined by the model User. During this study the sustainability awareness and attitudinal change and concerns raised by both stakeholders and expert opinion on engineering and ecological difficulties are addressed through factors that include climate change, economic benefit and social inclusion. Adaptation options within this study illustrate the importance of addressing different socio-economic development scenarios. These scenarios have been demonstrated through a UK case study, which illustrates the advantages, associated with SWMS and reduced utility reliance from the regional network. The outcome of this research demonstrates a process model that is evidence based and provides, protects and promotes the use of combined S WMS practices at the development level to meet site specific conditions. The design decisions facilitate User flexibility while providing the land use planner, developer and designer with a process model for evaluating current SWMS technologies to provide greater emphasis on improved water resource management and the socio-economic issues that address Water Resilience and Water Security at the UK National, Regional and Local levels.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available