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Title: Analysis of vulnerabilty and access to extension services for pastoralist women in northern Nigeria : a case study of Kwara State
Author: Aderinoye-Abdulwahab, Sidiqat Adeyemi
Awarding Body: University of Reading
Current Institution: University of Reading
Date of Award: 2013
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Nigeria is an agrarian country with the northern region prone to droughts; despite this pastoralism is an important source of livelihood of the inhabitants. Due to scarcity of water and grazing land, pastoralists migrate to greener areas in search of pasture, leaving their families behind. As a result, women in pastoralist households engage in a variety of economic activities to supplement family incomes. This study investigates the economic dimensions of pastoralist women's livelihoods, their coping and adaptive strategies and the role of extension in supporting their livelihoods. The study was carried out in Kwara State, Nigeria M an area where pastoralists have settled. The research adopted a mixed methods approach, employing qualitative and quantitative research tools. 169 participants were randomly drawn using a multi-stage sampling procedure. From these participants, questionnaire surveys (63 women and 25 extension agents), focus group discussions (58 women), key informant and in-depth interviews (13 people), and daily activity profile charts (10 women) were used to elicit information. Gender analysis frameworks were also used to analyse the data. It was found that women process milk into cheese, and this serves as their major source of income. The study established that pastoralist women lack productive resources such as land, livestock, capital, and infrastructure. This predisposes them to environmental, time, physical and social vulnerabilities. Extension service is limited among pastoral communities due to marginalisation, inappropriate extension service approaches and models, and cultural challenges. The study recommends a demand-driven participatory approach of extension service provision and employment of female extensionists to address the problems of extension approaches and culture. The study concludes that adequate extension can enhance women's socio-economic empowerment.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available