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Title: Stochastic dynamics of financial markets
Author: Zhitlukhin, Mikhail Valentinovich
ISNI:       0000 0004 5355 4330
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2014
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This thesis provides a study on stochastic models of financial markets related to problems of asset pricing and hedging, optimal portfolio managing and statistical changepoint detection in trends of asset prices. Chapter 1 develops a general model of a system of interconnected stochastic markets associated with a directed acyclic graph. The main result of the chapter provides sufficient conditions of hedgeability of contracts in the model. These conditions are expressed in terms of consistent price systems, which generalise the notion of equivalent martingale measures. Using the general results obtained, a particular model of an asset market with transaction costs and portfolio constraints is studied. In the second chapter the problem of multi-period utility maximisation in the general market model is considered. The aim of the chapter is to establish the existence of systems of supporting prices, which play the role of Lagrange multipliers and allow to decompose a multi-period constrained utility maximisation problem into a family of single-period and unconstrained problems. Their existence is proved under conditions similar to those of Chapter 1.The last chapter is devoted to applications of statistical sequential methods for detecting trend changes in asset prices. A model where prices are driven by a geometric Gaussian random walk with changing mean and variance is proposed, and the problem of choosing the optimal moment of time to sell an asset is studied. The main theorem of the chapter describes the structure of the optimal selling moments in terms of the Shiryaev–Roberts statistic and the posterior probability process.
Supervisor: Evstigneev, Igor; Peskir, Goran Sponsor: School of Social Sciences, University of Manchester
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: asset pricing ; hedging ; von Neumann - Gale model ; multimarket trading ; changepoint detection