Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Arrays of magnetic nanostructures : a dynamical and structural study by means of X-ray experiments
Author: Heldt, Georg
ISNI:       0000 0004 5355 4103
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2014
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
The work in this PhD thesis covers two strands of x-ray experiments: firstly, the characterisation of large arrays of dense structures by means of x-ray scattering, and, secondly, the investigation of hybrid anisotropy square structures with x-ray microscopy. The ability to accurately characterise large arrays of nanoscale magnetic structures is a key requirement for both scientific understanding and technological advance such as bit patterned recording media (BPM). In this work small angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) was investigated as a characterisation technique for large arrays of patterned structures. Dense arrays of magnetic nanostructures were prepared on x-ray transparent membranes and measured. The SAXS data was then modelled to obtain structure parameters such as the mean structure diameter, the diameter distribution and the mean position variance with statistical significance. Arrays (500 x 500 μm2) of nominally uniform nanostructures with centre-to-centre distances between 250 nm-50 nm were structurally characterised and compared to structure diameters obtained by optical scanning electron microscopy measurements. The mean structure diameter was found to be between 39 nm-15nm and agree within the errors with the diameter obtained from SEM measurements. This work provides accurate data on the distribution (variance) of nanostructure sizes which is key for modelling these arrays for applicationin BPM. In the second part of the work, the static and dynamic properties of patterned hybrid anisotropy square structures ([Co/Pd]-Py) were investigated by using time-resolved scanning transmission X-ray microscopy (STXM). In these patterned structures the magnetisation in the layers change both in magnitude and direction and gives rise to interesting new domain configurations. The reciprocal interaction between magnetic vortices in the Py layer and locally circular stripe domains in the Co/Pd was investigated and a mutual domain imprint between the layer was observed. In dynamic excitation experiments the precession of the vortex core is studied and showed good agreement with micromagnetic simulations made by Hrkac and Bryan. As demonstrated patterned hybrid anisotropy square structures have promising magnetic properties with potential applications in data storage (vortex switching) or spintronics (vortex oscillators).
Supervisor: Thomson, Thomas Sponsor: EU FP7 Program
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: SAXS ; STXM ; BPM ; Bit Patterned Media ; magnetic vortex oscillator ; small angle scattering