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Title: Towards fault-tolerant quantum computation with higher-dimensional systems
Author: Anwar, H.
ISNI:       0000 0004 5354 3631
Awarding Body: University College London (University of London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2014
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The main focus of this thesis is to explore the advantages of using higher-dimensional quantum systems (qudits) as building blocks for fault-tolerant quantum computation. In particular, we investigate the two main essential ingredients of many state-of-the-art fault-tolerant schemes [133], which are magic state distillation and topological error correction. The theory for both of these components is well established for the qubit case, but little has been known for the generalised qudit case. For magic state distillation, we first present a general numerical approach that can be used to investigate the distillation properties of any stabilizer code. We use this approach to study small threedimensional (qutrit) codes and classify, for the first time, new types of qutrit magic states. We then provide an analytic study of a family of distillation protocols based on the quantum Reed-Muller codes. We discover a particular five-dimensional code that, by many measures, outperforms all known qubit codes. For the topological error correction, we study the qudit toric code serving as a quantum memory. For this purpose we examine an efficient renormalization group decoder to estimate the error correction threshold. We find that when the qudit toric code is subject to a generalised bit-flip noise, and for a sufficiently high dimension, a threshold of 30% can be obtained under perfect decoding.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available