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Title: The politics of Islam and the alienation of South Sudan, 1945-2005
Author: Ahmed, Khidir Haroun
Awarding Body: University of Reading
Current Institution: University of Reading
Date of Award: 2013
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This research investigates the role of the politics of Islam in the alienation of South Sudan that led to its secession from Sudan on 9 July January 20 II. The research covers the period from the establishment of political parties in 1945 until the signing of the peace agreement between the north and South Sudan in 2005, which gave the Southern Sudanese the choice of self-determination to remain within the boundaries which the Republic of the Sudan inherited from Anglo-Egyptian colonial rule on I January 1956 or secession. The politics of Islam is meant here to cover the role of traditional political parties as well as that of Islamists. The thesis starts by explaining the failure of successive imperial rulers, Egypt and Britain, to establish a tame orthodox Islam and the rise of political parties based around the two most powerful neo-Sufi sects. With independence, they accepted a predominantly secular constitution for a unitary state. The Islamic movement's rise began after the October Revolution of 1964. Manipulated by Islamists, the traditional political parties adopted more Islamic platforms that made Islam in politics influential in the period 1964-1969 to the extent that dominated all attempts to write a permanent constitution in the country. Southerners adamantly rejected any move to adopt an Islamic constitution. Nimieri's adoption of a truly secular constitution in 1973, along with the autonomous rule for the South was the only serious attempt to put Southern concerns to rest. Nimieri's reconciliation of 1977 brought Islam back to the centre of national politics. The rise of the South, represented by the SPLMlA in 1985, was an indication that secular Sudan was becoming a condition for Sudan's unity. However the Islamists' seizure of power in 1989 and their determination to establish and maintain sharia led to the South's secession.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available