Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.601805
Title: Impulsivity and narcissism across stages of recovery from Bulimia Nervosa
Author: Oldfield , Abigail Elizabeth
Awarding Body: University of Nottingham
Current Institution: University of Nottingham
Date of Award: 2013
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Abstract:
Introduction: Individuals with Bulimia Nervosa (BN) tend to score higher for impulsivity and narcissism than those without eating disorders (EOs), which literature suggests reduces recovery rates. Impulsivity and , narcissism than increase and maintain focus on the importance of low weight for higher self-worth and worth to others, and may limit ability to consider and alter patterns of thinking and behaviour. Therefore, these dimensions of personality may contribute to enable BN behaviour. This research explored this link across active BN and recovery by comparing impulsivity and narcissism scores across BN groups and in comparison to a non-EO control group. It was hypothesised that those with an 'active' BN would score highest, and that these scores would decrease further into recovery from BN. It was also hypothesised that the control group would have the lowest scores. Method: Participants were recruited through posters displayed at NHS services and voluntary organisations and through adverts sent to individuals who had previously 'registered as being interested in participating in research. There were five research groups. Participants represented three different stages of BN, a control group, and an additional group of participants originally meant for the control group, but who scored too highly for EO attitudes. There was an active BN group of 16 participants, a partially recovered BN group of 12 participants, a recovered BN group of five participants, a control group of 20 participants, and a non-EO non-control group of eight participants. This additional group's data is in the extended paper. Participants were recruited to these groups based on information on diagnosis collected through a demographic questionnaire as well as eating disordered attitudes and behaviour collected through the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EOE-Q). Impulsivity was measured on the Oickman Impulsivity Inventory (Oil), which collected both a total impulsivity score as well as functional and dysfunctional impulsivity scores. Narcissism was measured on the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI) which gave a total narcissism score. 011 and NPI scores Page 2 of 211 were compared across these groups. EOE-Q data and number of binge/purge episodes were also explored. This was done to confirm that the participant groups were different. A correlation was also conducted to further explore the data that was collected. Results: No significant differences were found between these groups for narcissism scores, although all participants scored higher than average on the NPI. A significant difference was found for functional impulsivity between the control and 'active' BN groups with the control group scoring higher for functional impulsivity. Additionally, both the 'active' and 'partially recovered' BN groups had higher than average dysfunctional impulsivity scores. Significant differences were found for EOE-Q scores between all groups except the recovered BN group and the additional group. A correlation showed that there were significant positive correlations for NPI and 011 scores, and significant negative correlations for both NPI and functional impulsivity scores with EOE-Q scores. Discussion: This suggests that impulsivity and narcissism may not be linked to stages of recovery from BN in the way that was hypothesised and does not support previous research. Page
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.601805  DOI: Not available
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