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Title: Social vulnerability and adaptation to natural disasters in Latin America and the Caribbean
Author: Bertiz, Maria Paula Vincent
Awarding Body: University of Essex
Current Institution: University of Essex
Date of Award: 2013
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My thesis analyzes the determinants of the differential impact of natural disasteIS in Latin America and the Caribbean identifying the political, social and economic structures that determine social outcomes of narural disasters. It studies two adaptation tools, one individual (social capital) and one institutional (public spending and humanitarian aid) that could reduce the social impact of natural disasters. At aggregate level (countries) I conduct a time-series cross-section (I'SCS) analysis, between 1960 and 2010, to analyze the impact of social capital. international aid, and public spending on the number of deaths caused by natural disasters. At individual level, I use logistic regression models to predict the probability of becoming poor aft:er the Haitian and Chilean earthquakes in 2010. Findings at aggregated level confirm that higher the levels of social capital. disaster relief aid and public spending lower the number of casualties due to a natural disaster. However, the efficacy of these tools depends on the institutiorul framework of the country. Countries with higher democratization levels public spending is more effective in reducing the death roll after natural disasters. On the contrary, in more autocratic governments humanitarian aid becomes more efficient in reducing the death rate. The individual level results show that the social pamclpation and network ties are fundamental in reducing the impact of the earthquakes on the levels of poverty "With some differences between the countries. Regarding institutional mechanisms. both in Haiti and Chile the previous levels of public spending and aid within societies do help in mitigating the impact of disasters, however, results demonstrate the funding distributed afterwards encounter several limitations.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available