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Title: Disability, inclusive development and the World Bank : the construction and problematisation of disability in international development policy
Author: Marshall, Nina Anne
Awarding Body: University of Bristol
Current Institution: University of Bristol
Date of Award: 2012
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Abstract:
Since the mid 19905 disability has attracted increasing attention within international development efforts, with general convergence on the strategy of 'inclusive development', However, this policy proposal has attracted little analytical attention in either development or disability scholarship. Where discussed it tends to be framed as inherently positive, even if implementation remains elusive. This thesis engages in a detailed interrogation of 'inclusive development' policy that draws attention to the powerful normative work it does and the complex effects it may bring. Drawing on the theoretical and methodological insights of Carol Bacchi's What's the Problem Represented to Be (WPR) approach, development policy is considered not as neutral and reactive but as a political, productive process that constructs issues through their problematisation in ways which have profound effects. Focused on the meaning-making inherent in policy, the value of this approach is shown through a discursive analysis of proposals for 'inclusive development' articulated on the World Bank's website over a nine year period. Within the proposals advanced there, the 'problem' is represented as the extent and manner of the disabled population's inclusion as both subjects and actors within economic development work. Specific focus is placed on awareness-raising, disability prevention, and social inclusion. These problem representations are grounded in particular logics about disability, development, knowledge, policy and equality. They also have effects in terms of enabling and precluding particular interventions through their construction of the disabled development subjectivity and its able normative 'other', depoliticisation and dehistoricisation of developmental action, and compulsion to be included in a particular form of (neo)liberal developmentalism. This form of analysis is argued to enable critical engagement with the productive power of proposals advanced in the name of development, considered particularly valuable when concepts of significance in equality demands are (re)articulated within policy discourse.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.601106  DOI: Not available
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