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Title: Information recovery from rank-order encoded images
Author: Sen, Basabdatta B.
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2008
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The time to detection of a visual stimulus by the primate eye is recorded at 100 – 150ms. This near instantaneous recognition is in spite of the considerable processing required by the several stages of the visual pathway to recognise and react to a visual scene. How this is achieved is still a matter of speculation. Rank-order codes have been proposed as a means of encoding by the primate eye in the rapid transmission of the initial burst of information from the sensory neurons to the brain. We study the efficiency of rank-order codes in encoding perceptually-important information in an image. VanRullen and Thorpe built a model of the ganglion cell layers of the retina to simulate and study the viability of rank-order as a means of encoding by retinal neurons. We validate their model and quantify the information retrieved from rank-order encoded images in terms of the visually-important information recovered. Towards this goal, we apply the ‘perceptual information preservation algorithm’, proposed by Petrovic and Xydeas after slight modification. We observe a low information recovery due to losses suffered during the rank-order encoding and decoding processes. We propose to minimise these losses to recover maximum information in minimum time from rank-order encoded images. We first maximise information recovery by using the pseudo-inverse of the filter-bank matrix to minimise losses during rankorder decoding. We then apply the biological principle of lateral inhibition to minimise losses during rank-order encoding. In doing so, we propose the Filteroverlap Correction algorithm. To test the perfomance of rank-order codes in a biologically realistic model, we design and simulate a model of the foveal-pit ganglion cells of the retina keeping close to biological parameters. We use this as a rank-order encoder and analyse its performance relative to VanRullen and Thorpe’s retinal model.
Supervisor: Furber, Steve Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: G730 Neural Computing