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Title: Heterocyclic amines : development of methods for measuring levels in food and dietary intakes in humans
Author: Chan , Sheung Hang
Awarding Body: Queen's University Belfast
Current Institution: Queen's University Belfast
Date of Award: 2013
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Heterocyclic amines (HCAs) are potential mutagenic and carcinogenic compounds present in almost every cooked meat dish. This PhD aims to develop methods to improve the assessment of dietary HCA intakes. A standardised method was developed for cooking steaks to different levels of doneness and TEP•UPLC•MS/MS was used to determine HCA content. Formation of HCAs in steaks increased with increasing doneness (p30 were likely to be associated with the highest HCA intake quintile. This thesis showed the importance of; standardising cooking conditions, photographs (for doneness assessment) and a validated FFQ for estimating HCA intakes.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available