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Title: Bentvueghels and Bamboccianti : the patronage and reception of northern artists working in Rome 1620-1690
Author: Ackx, Beatrix
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2013
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Abstract:
The focus of this thesis is the patronage and reception of Flemish and Dutch painters and their genre scenes depicting the lower classes in the streets of Rome, referred to as bambocciate paintings, from about 1620 until 1690. A group of Flemish and Dutch artists formed a society the Bentvueghels, in about 1617. Contrary to previous research, evidence presented in this dissertation suggests they were organised along the lines of other professional groups in Rome, such as the Accademia di San Luca, and probably had the approval of the Catholic Church. Around 1600, a new fashion arose in the decoration of Rome's ever-more extravagant aristocratic palaces, with easel paintings increasingly replacing frescoes, which offered new opportunities for foreign painters who specialised in such works. Beginning in the later sixteenth century, the growing variety of subjects and the search for novel themes by writers offered a theoretical framework for the development of bambocciate pictures. Evidence suggests that the display of Northern genre works was associated with places of educated leisure and relaxation owned by people in the upper echelons of society in the very centre of Rome. The extensive evidence of the patronage of Northern artists and their genre paintings by the highest ranks of Roman society demonstrates the reputation and skill of these artists. Ami ng the patrons discussed in this dissertation are Cardinal del Monte, Vincenzo Giustiniani, papal families such as the Barberini and Pamphilj, and women patrons including elite Roman aristocrats and Queen Christina of Sweden. The success of the genre was not limited to Rome but also expanded to Florence and France, as seen in the patronage of figures such as Leopold de'Medici and Cardinal Mazarin. How these low-life paintings were displayed in palaces and villas confirms that the pictures were an important part of their decoration. Finally, this dissertation sheds light on the art theory of the period, which has tended to be divided into classicising Ideal Beauty and sophisticated patronage on the one hand, and images of daily life on the streets of Rome on the other.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.600235  DOI: Not available
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