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Title: James Mackintosh's Vindiciæ Gallicæ (1791) : an edition
Author: Garrett, E. R.
Awarding Body: University of Cambridge
Current Institution: University of Cambridge
Date of Award: 2005
Availability of Full Text:
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Abstract:
I have produced for examination and edition of James Mackintosh’s Vindiciæ Gallicæ. I have chosen the first edition (published on 7 May 1791) to preserve the author’s original, but have included the largest substantive revisions of Vindiciæ Gallicæ in an appendix, such as the sixth section added to the third edition. The appendix will offer the reader evidence of Mackintosh’s developing response to the French Revolution debate in England. Vindiciæ Gallicæ ranks as one of the finest replies to Edmund Burke’s Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790 and deserves a modern edition. Scholarly interest in Vindiciæ Gallicæ grew in the latter half of the twentieth century. Jane Rendall finished a doctoral thesis on Mackintosh (which includes a chapter on Vindiciæ Gallicæ) in 1972. Marilyn Butler published extracts from the third edition of Vindiciæ Gallicæ in Burke, Paine, Godwin, and the Revolution Controversy (Cambridge, 1984). In 1989 Jonathan Wordsworth introduced a facsimile of the first edition of Vindiciæ Gallicæ for Woodstock Press, Oxford, and an extract was included in Romanticism: An Anthology, edited by Duncan Wu (Oxford, 1994). Gregory Claeys lightly annotated the third edition of Vindiciæ Gallicæ in his eight volume series, Political Writings of the 1790s (London, 1995). My edition offer the reader a fully annotated text of Vindiciæ Gallicæ, as well as the scholarly apparatus of a biographical note, a note on the text, a list of abbreviations, a list of names, a list of selected reading, and an introduction. The first part of the introduction attempts to place Vindiciæ Gallicæ in its correct intellectual and historical context. It covers Mackintosh’s emigration from Scotland to London, the outbreak of the French Revolution pamphlet controversy, and the publication of Vindiciæ Gallicæ. The second part offers a detailed analysis of Vindiciæ Gallicæ, ending with an analysis of its textual variants. The final part establishes Vindiciæ Gallicæ’s positive critical reception and assesses Mackintosh’s political ideas and activities in the 1790s’ particularly in relation to Burke. My introduction will be of interest to readers in English Literature, History and Political Science. It is informed by previous work on Mackintosh, but it also presents a new thesis on Mackintosh’s radical Whig era. For instance, I introduce Mackintosh as a ‘Scottish scientific Whig’; I compare Calonne to Burke, and examine Vindiciæ Gallicæ’s engagement with Calonne; I explore the importance of Hume, Machiavelli and Rousseau to the Burke/Mackintosh debate. I also trace in Mackintosh’s language the dilution of his ‘Scottish scientific Whiggism’ with Burke’s ‘vulgar Whiggism’, culminating in the unpublished ‘grand essay on Burke’ acquired by the British Library in November 2000.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.599328  DOI: Not available
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