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Title: The Grove : some iconographic aspects of the architecture of Wren and Hawksmoor at Oxford and Cambridge
Author: Ferguson, R.
Awarding Body: University of Cambridge
Current Institution: University of Cambridge
Date of Award: 2011
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Abstract:
This thesis examines issues of image and meaning in the architecture of education at a time when attitudes toward the representational function of architecture, and the standards of truth in education, were changing. It focuses on the works – buildings, interiors and urban ensembles – designed by Christopher Wren and Nicholas Hawksmoor for Oxford and Cambridge during the century centred around 1700, when both the aftermath of religious iconoclasm and the onset of the scientific revolution were being felt in the universities and their constituent colleges. Chapter I, Vivarium, situates the architecture of the colleges as Wren inherited it in the monastic tradition. The iconography of the heavenly city and the theme of cultus, cultivation or taming of wild nature, including human nature, provide the context in which the classical reciprocity between grove and forum, house and city, city and wilderness, could still be understood. II, Imago, examines the position of architecture in the Puritan iconoclasm, and related problems of representation that emerge in debates on language and theology in scientific circles that included Wren. III, Hortus, explores the iconography of ornament, particularly as it contributes to the tradition of the Celestial Garden in Wren’s early chapel for Pembroke College, Cambridge and in some of its predecessors and successors. IV, Tholus, on the theatrical representation of the architectural fragment, concentrates on the interrelated domical tomb and triumphal gate. Wren’s unbuilt first design for the library of Trinity College, Cambridge, is the primary vehicle. V, Lucus, at the scale of the college and the city, returns to the reciprocity of grove and forum to which Wren called attention. Its pictorial metamorphoses in Hawksmoor’/s partially built plan for Oxford, with a new account of the origin of Radcliffe Square, further illuminate the changing role of theatricality in the project for perspectival reconstruction of the ancient city.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.598982  DOI: Not available
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