Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.596677
Title: An immunogenetic study of susceptibility to leprosy and tuberculosis in a Brazilian population
Author: Black, G. F.
Awarding Body: University of Cambridge
Current Institution: University of Cambridge
Date of Award: 1997
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Abstract:
Human 5q23-32 contains a cluster of genes (IL3/4/5/9) for interleukins commonly associated with disease exacerbatory T helper 2 immune responses in mycobacterial infections. Human 17q11.2-q12 contains the gene (NOS2A) encoding macrophage-expressed inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), which generates toxic nitric oxide for antimicrobial activity, and an array of genes (SCYA1/2/5) encoding small inducible chemokines which act as monocyte chemoattractants and are involved in inflammatory responses. To study the role of these two regions in human disease susceptibility, DNA from a series of 40 multicase leprosy (220 individuals) and 48 multicase TB (402 individuals) families were genotyped for microsatellite, variable number tandem repeat, or restriction fragment length polymorphisms within or adjacent to the candidate gene regions. In addition to clinical disease phenotypes, results of immunological assays (T cell proliferation and interferon-γ cytokine responses to mycobacterial antigens) were used to ascertain responder/nonresponder phenotypes for genetic analysis. A sub-set of families were also examined to ascertain whether polymorphism at the IL-4 locus influenced IL-4 production in response to non-specific stimulation. The results of this work show that in this Brazilian population genes in the region of 17q11.2-q12 may have some influence over the control of susceptibility to TB. Although there is no evidence that genes in the 5q23-q32 region are involved in susceptibility to TB or leprosy per se, results indicate that this region may play a role in controlling both T-cell proliferative and IFN-γ production responses to antigenic stimulation. Results also demonstrate a possible association between a homozygous IL-4 genotype and low IL-4 production.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.596677  DOI: Not available
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