Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.596670
Title: Sustainable electricity systems design
Author: Bishop, J. D. K.
Awarding Body: University of Cambridge
Current Institution: University of Cambridge
Date of Award: 2009
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Abstract:
This thesis aims to prove the concept that the design of a sustainable electricity system requires generator deployment within the transmission grid to be co-optimized and integrated with a national electricity policy, which adheres to the constraints of global sustainability. To combat the main human activities which jeopardize total species well-being and global sustainability at large, human appropriated net primary productivity must be reduced by a factor 4,45 and carbon emissions by a factor 1,15 through to 2030. Incorporating these constraints into a high-level electricity policy model, the results for the 27-member European Union and United States suggest that the fuel mixes in each area will show improvement in the flagship of: share of energy from renewable; emissions of greenhouse gases; and security of supply. However, to ensure best-case mix diversity, consumption must be reduced by up to 2,26% and 1,01% below current levels of the European Union and United States, respectively. Integrating the fuel mix policy with generator deployment is accomplished by co-optimizing the former with an optimized power flow, utilizing a matrix balancing algorithm to specify the space and location constraints for the generator types. A case study using mainland Portugal yields transmission loss reductions of 0,43% with 11,88% of total installed capacity deployed as distributed generation using photovoltaic. Innovative distributed wind and photovoltaic schemes in Barbados demonstrate the inclusion of sustainability principles, including attention to issues of waste, energy independence, repeatability throughout the Caribbean and social acceptance. The overall result is a unique, full-chain design tool for sustainable electricity systems.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.596670  DOI: Not available
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