Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.594527
Title: Efficient architectures for multidimensional discrete transforms in image and video processing applications
Author: Al-Azawi, Saad Mohammed Saleh
Awarding Body: University of Newcastle Upon Tyne
Current Institution: University of Newcastle upon Tyne
Date of Award: 2013
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Abstract:
This thesis introduces new image compression algorithms, their related architectures and data transforms architectures. The proposed architectures consider the current hardware architectures concerns, such as power consumption, hardware usage, memory requirement, computation time and output accuracy. These concerns and problems are crucial in multidimensional image and video processing applications. This research is divided into three image and video processing related topics: low complexity non-transform-based image compression algorithms and their architectures, architectures for multidimensional Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT); and architectures for multidimensional Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT). The proposed architectures are parameterised in terms of wordlength, pipelining and input data size. Taking such parameterisation into account, efficient non-transform based and low complexity image compression algorithms for better rate distortion performance are proposed. The proposed algorithms are based on the Adaptive Quantisation Coding (AQC) algorithm, and they achieve a controllable output bit rate and accuracy by considering the intensity variation of each image block. Their high speed, low hardware usage and low power consumption architectures are also introduced and implemented on Xilinx devices. Furthermore, efficient hardware architectures for multidimensional DCT based on the 1-D DCT Radix-2 and 3-D DCT Vector Radix (3-D DCT VR) fast algorithms have been proposed. These architectures attain fast and accurate 3-D DCT computation and provide high processing speed and power consumption reduction. In addition, this research also introduces two low hardware usage 3-D DCT VR architectures. Such architectures perform the computation of butterfly and post addition stages without using block memory for data transposition, which in turn reduces the hardware usage and improves the performance of the proposed architectures. Moreover, parallel and multiplierless lifting-based architectures for the 1-D, 2-D and 3-D Cohen-Daubechies-Feauveau 9/7 (CDF 9/7) DWT computation are also introduced. The presented architectures represent an efficient multiplierless and low memory requirement CDF 9/7 DWT computation scheme using the separable approach. Furthermore, the proposed architectures have been implemented and tested using Xilinx FPGA devices. The evaluation results have revealed that a speed of up to 315 MHz can be achieved in the proposed AQC-based architectures. Further, a speed of up to 330 MHz and low utilisation rate of 722 to 1235 can be achieved in the proposed 3-D DCT VR architectures. In addition, in the proposed 3-D DWT architecture, the computation time of 3-D DWT for data size of 144×176×8-pixel is less than 0.33 ms. Also, a power consumption of 102 mW at 50 MHz clock frequency using 256×256-pixel frame size is achieved. The accuracy tests for all architectures have revealed that a PSNR of infinite can be attained.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.594527  DOI: Not available
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