Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.589750
Title: Neutron and X-ray scattering study of magnetic manganites
Author: Johnstone, Graeme Eoin
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2012
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Abstract:
This thesis presents three investigations of the magnetic and electronic proper- ties of manganese oxide materials. The investigations are performed using a variety of neutron scattering and x-ray scattering techniques. The electronic ground-state of Pr(Sr0.1 Ca0.9)2 Mn2O7 an antiferromagnet with CE-type ordering, is determined using neutron spectroscopy, as opposed to the more usual approach of using diffraction. The Zener polaron model of the elec- tronic ground state of the CE-type magnetic phase is shown to be unsuitable for this material. The ground-state is shown to agree well with the electronic ground state proposed by Goodenough in the 1950’s, but without significant Mn3+/Mn4+ disproportionation. The distribution of the magnetisation density within the unit cell of the CE-type antiferromagnet La0.5Sr1.5MnO4 is determined from a polarised neutron diffraction experiment by analysing the results with the maximum entropy method. The majority of the magnetisation density is found to be located at the Mn site. The investigation shows tentative evidence of a small magnetic moment on the in-plane O site. However, a larger moment is observed at both the La/Sr site and the out-of-plane O site. The magnetic structure of the magnetoelectric multiferroic DyMn2O5 is inves- tigated using resonant magnetic x-ray scattering. The magnetic structure is shown to be similar to other members of the RMn2O5 series of multiferroics, but with the key difference that the magnetic moments are closely aligned parallel with the crystallographic b-axis, in contrast to the usual observation of the moments being close to parallel with the a-axis. This study also shows evidence that the electrical polarisation has a significant contribution from the valence electrons of the O ions, agreeing with previous work.
Supervisor: Boothroyd, Andrew Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.589750  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Condensed Matter Physics ; Neutron Scattering ; Resonant X-ray ; Manganite ; Manganese Oxide ; Mulitferroic ; Magnetoelectric
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