Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.589695
Title: Antibiotics and antibiotic resistance : what do we owe to each other?
Author: Millar, Michael
ISNI:       0000 0004 5346 4925
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 2014
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Abstract:
There is a tension between the need to use antibiotics to prevent adverse outcomes from infection, and a consequence of their use, which is antibiotic (treatment) resistant infection. Actions taken to control the spread of antibiotic resistant microbes, and constraints on the use of antibiotics both give rise to ethical tensions. I consider the evaluative framework and the principles that might be used to decide a just distribution of burdens and benefits associated with the use of antibiotics. Nussbaum specifies a list of capabilities. A minimum sufficiency of each capability is required for a life of human dignity. Nussbaum’s approach provides a richer framework for the evaluation of the distribution of burdens and benefits associated with the use of antibiotics than prevailing health economic, or prevalence of disease measures. There are contexts in which we cannot assure a sufficiency of capabilities. I consider the potential for Scanlon’s contractualism to provide principles for deciding the distribution of burdens and benefits associated with the use of antibiotics under differing levels of resource constraint. Finally I consider the influence of metaphor and analogy in the context of the human relationship with microbes.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.589695  DOI: Not available
Keywords: R Medicine (General) ; RA Public aspects of medicine
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