Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.588124
Title: Controlled hydrolysis and solid state chemistry : two approaches to the synthesis of actinide oxide materials
Author: De La Fontaine, Carlos
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2013
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Abstract:
The nuclear industry faces important technical challenges for HLW storage and designing new nuclear fuels. Such materials have to perform under severe conditions and accommodate defects safely. Few materials are suitable for those purposes but certain types of ceramics are promising candidates; among them oxide compounds such as pyrochlores and zirconolites. The aim of this PhD project was to synthesise novel actinide oxide particles, in which two different approaches were taken: controlled hydrolysis and solid state chemistry. Some minerals were naturally doped with actinides and rare earth elements and inspired synthetic formulations of new targeted waste forms for High Level Waste (HLW) instead of other disposal routes. The choice of synthetic pyrochlore and zirconolites as actinide hosts was inspired by the existence of naturally occurring actinide rich minerals. Substitutions within the cubic Y2Ti2O7 were investigated via the respective Y2Ti2-2xFexNbxO7 and Y2-xCexTixFexO7 solid solutions.Controlled hydrolysis was based on previous work with Lewis acidic transition metal cations. It was shown that it was possible to control the hydrolysis products in the presence of chelating organic ligands by carefully controlling the experimental conditions of the system. The same principles should apply to the chemistry of the actinide ions as they too are Lewis acidic. Such chemistry has implications for understanding the behaviour of actinides in nuclear processes within aqueous and organic systems. This project was a collaboration between Sheffield University (Immobilisation Science Laboratory, ISL) and The University of Manchester (Centre for Radiochemistry Research, CRR) through the DIAMOND (Decommissioning Immobilisation and Management of Nuclear waste for Disposal) University research consortium.
Supervisor: Heath, Sarah Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.588124  DOI: Not available
Keywords: pyrochlore ; zirconolite ; actinide hydrolysis ; nuclear waste
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