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Title: The dynamics of livelihood and gender relations in Sudan : the case of displacement camps in Khartoum
Author: Osman, Amira Awad
Awarding Body: University of Bradford
Current Institution: University of Bradford
Date of Award: 2012
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This study investigates livelihood patterns and gender arrangements during displacement. The main focus is on the experience of internally displaced persons at Al-Salam and Mayo displaced persons' camps at the outskirts of Khartoum, the capital of Sudan. The study uses an integrated gender conceptual framework, which encompasses Moser's triple role framework, practical and strategic gender interests and Kabeer's social relations framework, as well as agency and empowerment concepts and finds that, at places of origin, people were mainly dependent on farming and rearing of animals to earn a living. However, differences existed between regions. This way of livelihood was associated with 'traditional' gender arrangements, where men were the main breadwinners with no clear reproductive roles. By contrast, women's main roles were primarily reproductive. Then war, drought and famine affected people's livelihoods and led to displacement. At the displacement camps, more women than men were able to develop illegal and legal livelihood strategies. These new livelihood patterns upset the old gender patterns and led to emergence of new gender arrangements. Moreover, displaced women were able to build relationships within their gender and to form tajammu'at (women's groups). The NGOs (Non Governmental Organisations) which were active in the displacement camps tended to perceive the displaced as powerless victims, but in practice, displaced women had become social agents and were able to demonstrate empowerment, resilience, and ability to cope with displacement conditions
Supervisor: Bujra, Janet; Pankhurst, Donna T. Sponsor: Dorothy Marchus Senesh Fellowship
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Sudan ; Displacement ; Gender ; Livelihood ; Khartoum