Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.581311
Title: Versatile synthetic strategies towards the development of novel neuroblastoma inhibitors and their analogues
Author: Alishahi, Samira
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2013
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Abstract:
The aim of this thesis was to identify and develop anti-neuroblastoma agents via two strategies. The first involves a targeted therapy approach towards the synthesis of new drug-like PTP inhibitors (Chapter 2 and 3) and the second involved devising a new versatile synthetic route to the recently established anti-tumour natural-product lead, methyl jasmonates and its analogues (Chapter 4). From a unique proprietary screening library of 5000 drug-like compounds targeted towards PTPs, three compounds from two distinct chemical series, tetrahydroquinolines P00104 and P00341, and thiobarbituric acid P00337, were identified as PTPN22 inhibitors (IC50 = 5 μM) with moderate potency in vitro. A synthetic route to each chemical series was established and optimised and the procedure was used to synthesize a series of rationally-designed analogues for detailed structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies. The compounds were tested for PTP inhibitory activity against PTPN22 via two experimentally optimised protein assays and were tested for cytotoxicity in a number of neuroblastoma cell lines. However, none of the compounds including the resynthesized hits displayed any promising biological activity, and further investigation on these chemical series was abandoned and another strategy for developing anti-neuroblastoma agents was pursued. During the last decade, many studies have reported the cytotoxic effects of methyl jasmonate, a plant stress hormone, against various tumours both in vitro and in vivo. As the research on the anti-tumour properties of methyl jasmonate is still at early stages, and also due to the lack of a versatile synthetic procedure for the preparation of its structural derivatives, detailed SAR studies of this compound have not yet been conducted. In the course of this project, a novel versatile synthetic route to methyl jasmonate and its analogues has been developed, which allows substituents to be readily introduced at the α- and β-position of cyclopentenone. This synthetic procedure will facilitate future extensive SAR studies of methyl jasmonate in tumour cells. The cytotoxic activity of the synthesized methyl jasmonate was confirmed against a range of neuroblastoma cell lines including SK-N-SH, SHSY5Y, LAN5 and the Kelly cells, and a further study on the mechanism by which methyl jasmonate induces neuroblastoma cell death is currently underway.
Supervisor: Russell, Angela Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.581311  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Medical Sciences ; Organic chemistry ; Chemical biology ; Medicinal Chemistry ; Oncology ; Methyl Jasmonate
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