Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.581052
Title: Quantum enhanced precision measurement and information processing with integrated photonics
Author: Thomas-Peter, Nicholas
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2012
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Abstract:
Photons have proven to be an effective test-bed for the fundamental concepts and elements of quantum-enhanced technologies. As systems become increasingly complex, however, practical considerations make the traditional approach of bulk optics and free-space propagation progressively more difficult. The major obstacles are the physical space necessary to realise and operate such a complex system, its stability, and maintaining low losses. In order to address these issues, quantum optical technologies can take a cue from their classical counterparts and look towards an integrated architecture to provide miniaturisation, greatly enhanced stability, less alignment, and low loss interfaces between different system components. In this thesis the feasibility of chip-based waveguides as a platform for metrology and information processing will be explored. In Part I, the necessary criteria for a metrology system to out-perform its classical counterpart will be investigated. It will be found that loss is a major barrier to this aim and, critically, that it is unlikely to have been achieved to date by any experiment which consumes resources of a fixed photon number. The issue of loss will be addressed by developing a scalable heralded source of a class of entangled photonic states which are both robust to losses and practically feasible to prepare. A novel tomographic technique will be developed to characterize these states and it will be explicitly demonstrated how it is possible to beat some bounds on classical performance without being able to out-perform a comparable classical system. Finally, a proof of principle demonstration of a waveguide-based interferometer with an integrated phase-shifter will be undertaken. It will be shown that the device preserves quantum interference, making it suitable for use in quantum-enhanced metrology applications. In Part II, integrated optics in the context of information processing will be discussed. First, a novel characterization technique will be developed which enables the behaviour of complex circuits to be predicted. The technique is independent of loss in the device being characterized. A method of simulating these circuits will be outlined that takes advantage of the computational speed-up available from parallelisation and sparse matrix operations. A key increase in complexity for integrated photonic systems will be demonstrated by showing quantum interference of three photons from two separate sources in eight spatial modes. The resulting interference has a visibility which beats all possible classical interference visibilities for similar circuits. Finally, a fully integrated waveguide-coupled photon-number-resolving detector will be developed and demonstrated. This proof of concept demonstration will show good resolution of different photon number events. The device will be modelled and routes to high efficiency operation will be explored.
Supervisor: Walmsley, Ian A. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.581052  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Physics ; Atomic and laser physics ; quantum optics ; precision measurement ; quantum information processing
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