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Title: Poverty underestimation and relative strength of social security and economic globalisation in poverty reduction : perceptions survey evidence from Nepal and cross-section analysis from 119 developing countries
Author: Bhusal, Lok Nath
Awarding Body: Oxford Brookes University
Current Institution: Oxford Brookes University
Date of Award: 2011
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Abstract:
Persistence underdevelopment as reflected in different kinds of absolute poverty in the global south has instigated scholarly and policy debate on poverty measurement and poverty reduction. In terms of measuring poverty, different empirical investigations, relying on different theoretical traditions, have produced different ratios of poverty. However, not a single study has investigated the public perceptions of these official definitions and estimates of poverty. What do the members of public think about the official poverty measures and their associated poverty estimates? Regarding poverty reduction, one section of the existing literature has narrowly examined the effect of economic globalisation, on a single measure of poverty, without providing due attention to the effect of social security, on all kinds of poverty. Another section of the literature, which examines the relationship between social security and a single measure of poverty, has implicitly overlooked the influence of globalisation on all types of poverty. However, so far, no empirical study has examined the relative strength and interaction of economic globalisation and social security in reducing all kinds of poverty. This dissertation investigated three pressing questions in the area of poverty measurement and reduction. First, it explored the authenticity of existing official poverty estimates and their ability to characterise the true essence of poverty. Second, it examined the relationships between social security and poverty, and economic globalisation and poverty simultaneously in order to identify their relative strength in reducing poverty. Third, it examined the association of the interaction of social security and globalisation with the four poverty estimates: national, $1.25 per capita a day, multidimensional and $2 per capita a day. This research relies on the emerging pragmatic philosophical paradigm, and inductive- deductive mixed-methods research strategy. By extending the current literature on poverty measurement and poverty reduction, this study makes several methodological, theoretical and empirical - contributions. First, it argues that by not counting the vulnerable as poor, the existing poverty measures seriously undermine the essence of poverty and thereby understate the extent of poverty.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.579520  DOI: Not available
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