Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.578204
Title: Adsorption kinetics of polymer/surfactant mixtures at an expanding air/water interface
Author: Angus-Smyth, Anna
Awarding Body: Durham University
Current Institution: Durham University
Date of Award: 2013
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Abstract:
The dynamic adsorption mechanisms of a range of polymer/surfactant mixtures have been studied at the expanding air/water interface created by an overflowing cylinder. The composition of the adsorption layer from mixed systems is obtained using a new approach, co-modelling ellipsometry data and NR data recorded on only one isotopic contrast, without deuterated polymer. The precision and accuracy of the interfacial compositions using this novel approach match those obtained by NR measurements using multiple isotopic contrasts and deuterated polymer, and exceeds those in the absence of deuterated polymer. For weakly interacting PEO/surfactant mixtures adsorption is competitive, the interfacial composition can be rationalised in terms of competitive adsorption. At high surfactant concentrations polymer adsorption is inhibited by the increasing surfactant coverage, although in PEO/SDS mixtures positive interactions between the two components allow PEO to adsorb until an SDS monolayer is present. For oppositely charged mixtures of PSS and CnTAB surfactants, synergistic adsorption occurs at low surfactant concentrations, and the formation of polymer/surfactant complexes has a marked effect on interfacial adsorption, although polymer adsorption is controlled by free polymer molecules. Aggregation occurs around charge neutrality, the material in these aggregates cannot reach the interface due to their size, and at higher surfactant concentrations polymer can no longer adsorb. Mixtures of PEI/SDS at high pH behave similarly to the PSS/CnTAB systems, with progressive aggregation depleting the system of surface active material and limiting adsorption. However at low pH the aggregates can reach the interface by convection where they spread material across the surface in the form of a thin layer of nanometer thickness by Marangoni flows. This work proves that examination of the dynamic adsorption behaviour of polymer/surfactant systems is invaluable to understanding their adsorption mechanisms. Furthermore there is a clear and incontrovertible link between the dynamic interfacial adsorption and bulk phase behaviour.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.578204  DOI: Not available
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