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Title: The political thought of Muhammad Bello (1780-1837) as revealed in his Arabic writings : more especially "al-Ghayth al-wabl fī sīrat al-imām al-ʻadl"
Author: Bello, Omar
Awarding Body: SOAS, University of London
Current Institution: SOAS, University of London
Date of Award: 1984
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Abstract:
Bello, the son and successor of cUthm-an b. Foduye, left about fourteen works on political and administrative theory out of which only three have been edited and translated (i.e. Usul al-Siyasah by Martin - and Yamusa, al-Ghayth al-Shu c bu- b and al-Qawl al-Mawh-ub, by lam-ac .,J.. l ) The most comprehensive of the fourteen works is al-Ghayth al-Wab1 fi Sirat a1-rmam al_cAdl (The comprehensive LWor~ on the conduct of a just leader) written by Bello four years after his accession to the Caliphate. The present study is the critical editing and translation of the work. This book is important for its revelation of the intellectual basis of Bello's Caliphate and for its contribution to Arabic and Islamic literature in general. Section one of the introduction describes the background of Bello's society with a brief account of the political, social, economic and religious conditions of the people of the Rausa states in the eighteenth century. Section two is a brief account of the Jinad movement and its causes. Section three concerns Be1lots life. It covers his education, his role in the Jihad, the development of his political thought and the personalities which most influenced his thinking. Section four deals with the ideas of Sirat a1-Imam al-c Adl. It contains my analysis of the book, chapter by chapter, with an attempt to relate certain ideas to the contemporary situation in Hausaland, more especially between 1817·-1837, to see to what extent Bello conformed to his own theory. Bello's other works written before or after S.J,. .rat al-Ima-m al-c Adl onthe same subject are used extensively to expound his political thought. The issues of disunity, disobedience, defence and socio-economic policies, codes of conduct, venal scholars and educatiOnal reform, administrative reform, succession to the the, taxation, dhimmis, indiscip1ine in the armies with particular reference to the ghulul (misappropriation of booty), war strategies and their contribution to Bello's success in war, and justice are given paramount importance. It is worth mentioning that the code of conduct and ghulul are the most original contribution of the thesis as no one had ever discussed them in such detail. Bello's pragmatism and leadership concepts are also discussed. The fifth section of the introduction presents the method of editing and translation. Finally, a sixth section is concerned with the English and Arabic texts and their annotations. In the conclusion, an attempt is made to establish that the eradication of mazilim (acts of injustice) and the establishment of cadl (justice) are the main objectives of Bellots writings and policies.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.576488  DOI: Not available
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