Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.575383
Title: Minimally invasive gastro-oesophageal surgery for cancer : current evidence and practice
Author: Gemmill, Elizabeth H.
Awarding Body: University of Nottingham
Current Institution: University of Nottingham
Date of Award: 2011
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Abstract:
Background Since its introduction in the early 1990s, minimally invasive gastro-oesophageal surgery for cancer has been growing in popularity. Despite this, published evidence on this type of technique is weak and its role in the management of gastric and oesophageal cancer remains controversial. Aims The aim of this thesis was to test the hypothesis that: minimally invasive gastro- oesophageal cancer surgery has superior outcomes compared to control studies of conventional open surgery; but current studies are methodologically inadequate to confirm this. Methods The first study (chapter 3) is a systematic review of the literature on minimally invasive gastro-oesophageal cancer surgery, outlining the differences between literature published in Eastern and Western countries The following 3 chapters outline and use a phase II surgical study to obtain data on minimally invasive gastro-oesophageal cancer (MIGOCS.) The MIGOCS group was set up in 2005 amongst UK surgeons. An online database was developed to enable data collection and comprises 5 sections: demo graphics; pre-operative staging and assessment; surgical intervention; post-operative course; pathology and clinical outcome. The first study is retrospective collecting data up to December 2006; the second study is prospective with data obtained between December 2006- July 2008 from centres around the UK utilising the MIGOCS database. Chapter 7 involves analysis of the learning curve in laparoscopic gastro-oesophageal cancer surgery using CUSUM (continuous surveillance monitoring) assessment. By studying operative time at each centre, improvement or deterioration in quality were detected. Results The systematic review of minimally invasive gastro-oesophageal surgery consists in the majority of case reports, with no randomised controlled trials of oesophagectomies and 4 (low quality) randomised controlled trials of gastrectomies. It demonstrates a mortality and morbidity of 2.3% and 46.2% respectively for oesophagectomies; 0.1 % and 12.7% respectively for gastrectomies. Data from this review suggests that the minimally invasive approach is beneficial compared to open surgery in terms of reduced mortality, respiratory complications, blood loss and quicker return to a good quality of life (but not reduced hospital stay as expected.) There are currently 60 MIGOCS member consultant surgeons from over 40 UK centres. The retrospective study obtained data from 7 UK centres with an overall mortality and morbidity of 6.0% and 57% respectively for oesophagectomies and 7.7% and 13% respectively for gastrectomies. The prospective study collected data from 7 UK centres, comprising a total of 258 minimally invasive oesophagectomies and 33 minimally invasive gastrectomies. Overall mortality and morbidity were 2.5% and 56.6% respectively for oesophagectomies and 10.8% and 27.3% respectively for gastrectomies. CUSUM analysis varied considerably between centres. The two larger volume centres however demonstrated an improvement in their operative time with experience, with a possible pateau at around 30 procedures. Conclusions Published data suggests that the minimally invasive approach to gastro-oesophageal cancer has advantages over conventional open surgery. Data collected in this thesis does not overwhelmingly support published evidence, but does demonstrate that this technique is both safe and feasible even during the early part of a surgeon's learning curve. It is the first study to provide an insight into outcomes of this type of surgery in a multi centre setting in the OK; and has made progress towards a randomised controlled trial. Weaknesses and Intepretation of Findings International literature on the subject of minimally invasive gastro-oesophageal surgery is at present limited and subject to both publication and selection bias. Data presented in this thesis is weakened by the number of operations recorded and centres involved in the studies. This impacts on any interpretation of findings. Further data collection, ideally in the form of a randomised controlled trial is therefore vital.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (M.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.575383  DOI: Not available
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