Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.570196
Title: Britain, Turkey, and Cyprus, 1950-1959.
Author: Gates, Christianne Deborah
Awarding Body: University of East Anglia
Current Institution: University of East Anglia
Date of Award: 2012
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Abstract:
The Cyprus problem of the 1950s was resolved not by British initiatives, but by a settlement based on an agreement between the Greek and Turkish governments. Because of this, it demonstrates not only the decline of British influence but also the rise of Third World powers in international diplomacy. Throughout the negotiations, however, the British continually underestimated the Turkish Government. Even today, the full extent of the Turkish role in the resolution of the Cyprus emergency continues to be underappreciated. This thesis, therefore, examines the Turkish role in the Cyprus question from 1950 to 1959. Like British officials at the time, it chronologically links Turkish domestic concerns, international responsibilities and Communist fears to the on-going Cyprus issue. It questions the traditional view of Turkey as a British pawn and argues that its Cypriot policy, from defending the status quo to pressing for partition and finally agreeing to independence, was not solely influenced by international events. Instead, Turkish policies toward Cyprus were based on a combination of global and domestic factors, as well as pressure from the Turkish Cypriot minority: just as British decolonization policies were influenced by external, internal, and colonial concerns. It concludes that the persistence of oriental stereotypes has concealed this similarity, leading to a misunderstanding of the Turkish attitude. The British perception of Turkish policies toward Cyprus not only reveals that the Turkish motivations have been oversimplified but also that these significantly influenced British strategies for maintaining sovereignty in Cyprus. The dependence of the United Kingdom on Turkish support in the Middle East, especially following events at Suez in 1956, allowed Turkey to seize the initiative in the negotiations. The 1959 agreement leading to Cypriot independence, therefore, was not the result of British planning but due to separate negotiations between the Greeks and Turks.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.570196  DOI: Not available
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