Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.569480
Title: Modeling of electroluminescence in InSb quantum wells and inversion asymmetric effects
Author: Tenev, Tihomir Genchev
Awarding Body: Lancaster University
Current Institution: Lancaster University
Date of Award: 2010
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Abstract:
The main focus of the dissertation is description, modeling and understanding of the mechanisms underpinning electroluminescence from quantum wells. The dissertation contains original contribution of methodological and phenomenological character. We have described in detail the eight band model within the envelope function approximation(EFA) using the Löwd in perturbation method used for band structure calculations. Although not novel, a detailed derivation of this is rarely done in the literature. We have derived a theoretical expression for electroluminescence spectral emittance based entirely on quantum mechanical model, unlike the more usual semi classical models used in semiconductor physics. The final expression for the spectral emittance has a different dependence compared to the semi classical expression, namely the prefactor in the newly derived expression is proportional to 2 . We use the combination of 8 band EFA method and the newly derived expression for spectral emittance to interpret experimental measurements on unpolarized spectral emittance from several InSb/AlxIn1-xSbquantum wells. We do that using slightly novel procedure and identify several transitions unreported in InSb/AlxIn1-xSb material system up to now. In simplified models these are regarded as forbidden. We show that in 8 band EFA model there aren’t any forbidden transitions. Instead all transitions are allowed and we discuss the product of momentum matrix elements and 2D density of states, to which we refer as "generalized selection rule", as the quantity which determines the strength of the individual transitions in different energy ranges. Furthermore we discuss three groups of mechanisms which determine various properties of the electroluminescence spectrum. These groups are entirely general to electroluminescence from all sorts of quantum wells. They are: (i) band structure embodied in the "generalized selection rules" ; (2) broadening effects and (3) statistical effects. Very important are the effects of structure inversion asymmetry (SIA) on the "generalized selection rules" and the spectral emittance, which we describe and explain. Finally we discuss aspects of two other major themes related to the two characteristic properties of InSb:(i) the broken space inversion invariance and (ii) the relativistic correction of spin-orbit coupling.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.569480  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QC Physics
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