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Title: A technology hub for auditing and tracking objects using RFID technology in waste management applications
Author: Zhang, Lizong
Awarding Body: Staffordshire University
Current Institution: Staffordshire University
Date of Award: 2012
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Protection of the environment is one of the most sensitive topics of recent years and is resulting in more effective recycling and reuse of materials. Simply disposing of waste through landfill or burning, as was the historically case, will damage our environment. Waste disposal systems usually lack automatic logistic support feature, which can result in high transportation cost, low recycling rates and/or fly-tipping. Some waste material such as plasterboard has a low recycling rate because of the high recycling cost and transport fees. The UK generates more than 1 Mt of plasterboard waste from construction and demolition sector per annum, and only 7%, or about 70,000 tonnes are recycled. This thesis conducts research on developing a 'Technology Hub' framework for using emerging technology (such as RFID) in waste management sector that aims to help the recycling rate by tracking and verification of the waste movement in order to prevent fly -tipping and illegal disposal. The framework developed in this research is in two formats: 'Technology view framework' classifies the technologies by their functionality, and can be used as a tool to determine the technologies for certain systems; ' Network view framework' focuses on the system structure and data flow in the system, and the relationship between each component. In order to evaluate the proposed framework, RFID technology has been examined in this research by experiments, which indicates the RFID technology is able to be used in waste management scenarios, and enable 'automatic feature' for the systems based on the framework. In addition, a software module for control of RFID equipment linked with knowledge-based system is developed. A framework has been developed and three case studies from two hospitals and waste recycling companies are used to validate the system. Two of the novel waste management systems are developed for evaluation purpose, with RFID technology and knowledge-based technology: Firstly, a plasterboard waste management system for a local waste recycling company to improve their waste management, and secondly, for a Chinese Hospital to prevent the loss of contaminated waste during the internal transportation process. The third case study was introduced to evaluate the extensionality of the framework by developing a Smart Hospital System for human tracking applications that tracks patients from ward to theatre in order to improve the hospital MIS system.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available