Title:

Localised excitations in long Josephson junctions with phaseshifts with timevarying drive

In this project, we consider a variety of acdriven, inhomogeneous sineGordon equations describing an infinitely long Josephson junctions with phase shifts, driven by a microwave field. First, the case of a small driving amplitude and a driving frequency close to the natural (defect) frequency is considered. We construct a perturbative expansion for the breathing mode to obtain equations for the slow time evolution of the oscillation amplitude. We show that, in the absence of an acdrive, a breathing mode oscillation decays with a rate of at least \mathcal{O}(t^{1/4}) and \mathcal{O}(t^{1/2}) for 0\pi0 and 0\kappa junctions, respectively. Multiple scale expansions are used to determine whether, e.g., an external drive can excite the defect mode of a junction (a breathing mode), to switch the junction into a resistive state. Next, we extend the study to the case of large oscillation amplitude with a high frequency drive. Considering the external driving force to be rapidly oscillating, we apply an asymptotic procedure to derive an averaged nonlinear equation, which describes the slowly varying dynamics of the sineGordon field. We discuss the threshold distance of 0\pi0 junctions and the critical bias current in $0\kappa$ junctions in the presence of ac drives. Then, we consider a spatially inhomogeneous sineGordon equation with two regions in which there is a \piphase shift, and a time periodic drive, modelling 0\pi0\pi0 long Josephson junctions. We discuss the interactions of symmetric and antisymmetric defect modes in long Josephson junctions. We show that the amplitude of the modes decay in time. In particular, exciting the two modes at the same time will increase the decay rate. The decay is due to the energy transfer from the discrete to the continuous spectrum. For a small drive amplitude, there is an energy balance between the energy input given by the external drive and the energy output due to radiative damping experience by the coupled mode. Finally, we consider spatially inhomogeneous coupled sineGordon equations with a time periodic drive, modelling stacked long Josephson junctions with a phase shift. We derive coupled amplitude equations considering weak coupling and strong coupling in the absence of acdrive. Next, by considering the strong coupling with time periodic drive, we expect that the amplitude of oscillation tends to constant for long times.
