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Title: States, markets and labour unions : the political economy of of oil and copper in Brazil and Chile
Author: Nem Singh, Jewellord T.
Awarding Body: University of Sheffield
Current Institution: University of Sheffield
Date of Award: 2012
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The thesis explores the political economy of natural resources in Brazil and Chile. The cases are drawn from oil and copper mining respectively. Using the twin lenses of historical institutionalism and critical international political economy (IPE), I probe into the significance of states and state enterprises in resource management. In this thesis, I seek to explain the process of market opening reforms in strategic resources industries, particularly the extent to which sector-specific dynamics and institutional complexities have obstructed the full privatisation of the resource sectors. Not only has neoliberalism been implemented partially, the persistence of state ownership in Brazil and Chile has reconfigured the balance between states and markets in managing strategic industries. Consequently, I demonstrate how state enterprises and labour unions have responded to demands of global competitiveness by way of maintaining a structure of relationships that address commercial goals, sectoral interests, and public policy objectives. Evidently, reforms have taken place prior to the commodity boom in 2003 and the rise of Left-led governments in the region. Overall, my comparative historical approach contributes to broader debates on IPE of natural resources, political economy of development, and Latin American politics.
Supervisor: Grugel, Jean Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available