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Title: Building MIII clusters with derivatised salicylaldoximes
Author: Mason, Kevin
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2012
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This thesis describes the synthesis of a host of polynuclear iron complexes synthesised with phenolic oxime ligands, fundamentally developing the coordination chemistry of iron with these ligands. The metallic cores that occur within iron phenolic oxime clusters were found to contain almost exclusively oxo-centred triangles and oxo-centred tetrahedra. We found that we could alter the reaction conditions or derivatise the ligands and develop these basic building blocks into more elaborate arrays, exerting a degree of control over creating larger or smaller clusters. Chapter one describes the syntheses, structures and magnetic properties of new iron complexes alongside previously synthesised related complexes (4, 5, 8, 9 and 15) containing salicylaldoxime (saoH2) or derivatised salicylaldoximes (RsaoH2). These are [Fe3O(OMe)(Ph-sao)2Cl2(py)3]·2MeOH (1·2MeOH), [Fe3O(OMe)(Ph-sao)2Br2(py)3]·Et2O (2·Et2O), [Fe4(Ph-sao)4F4(py)4]·1.5MeOH (3·1.5MeOH), [Fe6O2(OH)2(Et-sao)2(Et-saoH)2(O2CPh)6] (4), [HNEt3]2[Fe6O2(OH)2(Et-sao)4(O2CPh(Me)2)6]·2MeCN (5·2MeCN), [Fe6O2(O2CPh)10(3-tBut-5-NO2-sao)2(H2O)2]·2MeCN (6·2MeCN), [Fe6O2(O2CCH2Ph)10(3-tBut-sao)2(H2O)2]·5MeCN (7·5MeCN), {[Fe6Na3O(OH)4(Me-sao)6(OMe)3(H2O)3(MeOH)6]·MeOH}n (8·MeOH) and [HNEt3]2[Fe12Na4O2(OH)8(sao)12(OMe)6(MeOH)10] (9). The predominant building block appears to be the triangular [Fe3O(R-sao)3]+ species which can self-assemble into more elaborate arrays depending on reaction conditions. The four hexanuclear and two octanuclear complexes of formulae [Fe8O2(OMe)4(Mesao) 6Br4(py)4]·2Et2O·MeOH (10·2Et2O·MeOH), [Fe8O2(OMe)3.85(N3)4.15(Mesao) 6(py)2] (11), [Fe6O2(O2CPh-4-NO2)4(Me-sao)2(OMe)4Cl2(py)2] (12), [Fe6O2(O2CPh-4-NO2)4(Et-sao)2(OMe)4Cl2(py)2]·2Et2O·MeOH (13·2Et2O·MeOH), [HNEt3]2[Fe6O2(Me-sao)4(SO4)2(OMe)4(MeOH)2] (14) and [HNEt3]2[Fe6O2(Etsao) 4(SO4)2(OMe)4(MeOH)2] (15) all are built from series of edge-sharing [Fe4( μ4- O)]10+ tetrahedra. Complexes 10 and 11 display a new μ4-coordination mode of the oxime ligand and join a small group of Fe-phenolic oxime complexes with nuclearity greater than six. Chapter three then introduces co-ligands to the reaction scheme to compete with the salicylaldoxime ligands for metal coordination sites. Five tetranuclear and two nononuclear complexes are stabilised with salicylaldoxime (saoH2) or derivatised salicylaldoximes (R-saoH2) in conjunction with either 1,4,7- triazocyclononane (tacn), 2-hydroxymethyl pyridine (hmpH) or 2,6-pyridine dimethanol (pdmH2), [Fe4O2(sao)4(tacn)2]·2MeOH (16·MeOH), [Fe4O2(Mesao) 4(tacn)2]·2MeCN (17·2MeCN), [Fe4O2(Et-sao)4(tacn)2]·MeOH (18·MeOH), [Fe9NaO4(Et-sao)6(hmp)8]·3MeCN·Et2O (19·3MeCN·Et2O), [Fe4 (Etsao) 4(hmp)4]·Et-saoH2 (20·Et-saoH2), [Fe4(Ph-sao)4(hmp)4]·2MeCN (21·2MeCN) [Fe9O3(sao)(pdm)6(N3)7(H2O)] (22). Chapter four straps two salicylaldoxime units together in the 3-position, using ligands with aliphatic a,W-aminomethyl links, allowing the assembly of the polynuclear complexes [Fe7O2(OH)6(H2L1)3(py)6](BF4)5·6H2O·14MeOH (23·6H2O·14MeOH), [Fe6O(OH)7(H2L2)3][(BF4)3]·4H2O·9MeOH (24·4H2O·9MeOH) and [Mn6O2(OH)2(H2L1)3(py)4(MeCN)2](BF4)5(NO3)·3MeCN·H2O·5py (25·3MeCN·H2O·5py). In each case the metallic skeleton of the cluster is based on a trigonal prism in which two [MIII 3O] triangles are tethered together via three helically twisted double-headed oximes. The latter are present as H2L2- in which the oximic and phenolic O-atoms are deprotonated and the amino N-atoms protonated, with the oxime moieties bridging across the edges of the metal triangles. Both the identity of the metal ion and the length of the straps connecting the salicylaldoxime units have a major impact on the nuclearity and topology of the resultant cage, with, perhaps counter-intuitively, the longer straps producing the “smallest” clusters.
Supervisor: Brechin, Euan. ; Tasker, Peter. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: polynuclear iron complexes ; phenolic oxime ligands ; metallic cores ; oxo-centred tetrahedra ; oxo-centred triangles