Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.560636
Title: Counting gauge invariant operators in supersymmetric theories using Hilbert series
Author: Torri, Giuseppe
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2012
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Abstract:
In this thesis, the problem of counting gauge invariant operators in certain supersymmetric theories is discussed. These objects have a very important role in supersymmetric gauge theories, since they can be used to describe the space of zero-energy solutions, called moduli space, of such theories. In order to approach the counting problem, a technique is used based on a function known in Algebraic Geometry as the Hilbert series. For the examined theories, this can be considered a a partition function counting gauge invariant operators in the field theory according to their charges under quantum global symmetries. In the first part of the thesis, particular focus will be given to the application of the Hilbert series to conformal Chern-Simons theories living on the world-volume of M2-branes probing different toric Calabi-Yau 4-fold singularities. It will be shown how the Hilbert series can be combined with the brane tiling formalism to characterise the mesonic moduli space of vacua of a given theory through its generators and the relations they satisfy. Then, toric duality for these theories will be presented, with special attention to the role played by Hilbert series in making such feature manifest between two or more theories. Finally, Chern-Simons theories living on M2-branes probing cones over smooth toric Fano 3-folds and their mesonic Hilbert series will be presented. In the second part, it will be shown how the Hilbert series can be applied to counting gauge invariant operators in supersymmetric generalisations of Quantum Chromodynamics, known as SQCD theories. The discussion will hinge on a specific class of theories, with N multiplets transforming in the fundamental and anti-fundamental and one in the adjoint representation of the gauge group. For each classical group, the Hilbert series of the moduli space will be used to determine the dimension on the spaces, their generators and to argue that they are all Calabi-Yau manifolds.
Supervisor: Hanany, Amihay Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.560636  DOI: Not available
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