Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.559781
Title: Improving intraperitoneal adenovirus virotherapy for ovarian cancer
Author: Thoma, Clemens Matthias Manuel
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2011
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Abstract:
The use of intraperitoneal (i.p.) adenovirus virotherapy of ovarian cancer is currently limited by insufficient efficacy and high toxicity. Both factors are associated with adenovirus serotype 5 (Ad5) in this setting and may be serotype-specific. Low levels of uptake receptors (CAR and αV integrins) on ovarian tumour cells and widespread immunity against Ad5 among patients appear to restrict efficacy and intraperitoneal inflammatory responses against Ad5 were among the reasons for the termination of a phase II/III clinical trial in ovarian cancer. This thesis sought to overcome these obstacles by investigating the alternative adenovirus serotypes Ad3 and Ad11. For these viruses lower pre-existing antiviral immunity and utilisation of different uptake receptors have been reported. Furthermore, virus cloaking with novel polymers which could impart enhanced protection from neutralisation was examined. In vitro, wild-type Ad3, Ad5 and Ad11 displayed differential oncolytic activity in a panel of ovarian cancer cell lines which partly correlated to uptake receptor expression and virus internalisation. However, some cell lines displayed lysis resistance in a serotype-specific manner. While the inflammatory response six hours after i.p. administration of Ad11 in CD46-transgenic mice did not differ from Ad5, in long-term studies of repeated administration Ad5 induced significantly more severe pathologic effects in the form of adhesions and liver toxicity than Ad11 or mock-treatment. Oncolysis inhibition assays using malignant exudate samples demonstrated greater neutralisation of Ad3 and Ad5 in comparison to Ad11 at low concentrations of samples. Notably, 10-fold less Ad11 than Ad5 was required for oncolytic efficacy at a sample concentration of 10%. In an ex vivo model of ascites from ovarian cancer patients Ad5 modified with novel polymer formulations achieved at least 50% cell kill in six of eight samples, in contrast to two of eight samples for non-modified Ad5. These data suggest that virotherapy using Ad11 might be advantageous over Ad3 or Ad5. The lack of strong inflammation and the possibility to decrease treatment doses due to less neutralisation of Ad11 might result in considerably improved patient safety. Chemical modification of Ad with novel polymers presents an exciting advancement in overcoming treatment neutralisation in adenovirus virotherapy.
Supervisor: Morrison, Joanne ; Seymour, Leonard Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.559781  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Oncology ; Medical sciences ; Tumours ; Viruses ; Gynaecology ; ovarian cancer ; oncolytic ; oncolytic virotherapy ; adenovirus
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