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Title: Two-scale homogenisation of partially degenerating PDEs with applications to photonic crystals and elasticity
Author: Cooper, Shane
Awarding Body: University of Bath
Current Institution: University of Bath
Date of Award: 2012
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In this thesis we study elliptic PDEs and PDE systems with e-pcriodic coeffi- cients, for small E, using the theory of two-scale homogenisation. We study a class of PDEs of partially degenerating type: PDEs with coefficients that are not uniformly elliptic with respect to E, and become degenerate in the limit E -t O. We review a recently developed theory of homogenisation for a general class of partially degenerating PDEs via the theory of two-scale convergence, and study two such problems from physics. The first problem arises from the study of a linear elastic composite with periodically dispersed inclusions that are isotropic and (soft' in shear: the shear modulus is of order E2. By passing to the two- scale limit as E -t 0 we find the homogenised limit equations to be a genuinely two-scale system in terms of both the macroscopic variable x and the micro- scopic variable y. We discover that the corresponding two-scale limit solutions must satisfy the incompressibility condition in y and therefore the composite only undergoes microscopic deformations when a (microscopically rotational' force is applied. We analyse the corresponding limit spectral problem and find that, due to the y-incompressibility, the spectral problem is an uncoupled two-scale prob- lem in terms of x and y. This gives a simple representation of the two-scale limit spectrum. We prove the spectral compactness result that states: the spectrum of the original operator converges to the spectrum of the limit operator in the sense of Hausdorff. The second problem we study is the propagation of electro- magnetic waves down a photonic fibre with a periodic cross section. We seek solutions to Maxwell's equations, propagating down the waveguide with wave number k E2-close to some (critical' value. In this setting, Maxwell's equations are reformulated as a partially degenerating PDE system with z-periodic coeffi- cients. Using the theory of homogenisation we pass to the limit as E -t 0 to find a non-standard two-scale homogenised limit and prove that the spectral compact- ness result holds. We finally prove that there exist gaps in the limit spectrum for two particular examples: a one-dimensionally periodic 'multilayer ' photonic crystal and a two-dimensionally periodic two-phase photonic crystal with the in- clusion phase consisting of arbitrarily small circles. Therefore, we prove that these photonic fibres have photonic band gaps for certain k.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available