Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.558213
Title: Detection and characterization of HIV-1 specific T cell responses amongst exposed and unexposed HIV-1 seronegative individuals
Author: Campion, Suzanne L.
Awarding Body: Oxford University
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2011
Availability of Full Text:
Full text unavailable from EThOS.
Please contact the current institution’s library for further details.
Abstract:
The primary aim of this thesis was to examine whether HIV -1 specific T cell responses in HIV -1 exposed seronegative (HESN) subjects could be firstly detected and if so, conferred protection against productive infection from HIV -1. Cultured IFN-y ELISpot found 38.7-60% of HESN subjects had detectable HIV-1 specific T cell responses. HIV -1 specific T cell responses could be titrated, were typically mediated by CD4+ T cells and tended to map to previously defined, promiscuous epitopes. In a statistically powered, retrospective study, no evidence was found to support a role for pre-existing HIV -1 specific T cell responses in either protection against or risk of HIV -1 infection. Exposure to HIV -1 impacted upon detection of pre-existing HIV -1 specific T cell responses, in terms of frequency (p=0.01), magnitude (p=0.02) and maintenance of response. This suggests, that exposure to HIV-1 was truly priming HIV-1 specific T cell responses. However, exposure to HIV -1 was not a prerequisite and HIV-1 specific T cell responses were detectable amongst HIV -1 unexposed seronegative (HUSN) donors. Similar to HESN, HIV-1 specific T cell responses detected amongst HUSN, could be mapped to the peptide level, titrated and were predominately mediated by CD4+ T cells. These T cells were shown to be detectable amongst memory CD4+ T cell subsets, suggesting they were not the result of in vitro priming. Whilst sample size was low, HIV-1 specific T cell responses, detected amongst HUSN donors were shown to be oligoclonal in TCRV~ usage. The detection of memory CD4+ HIV -1 specific T cell responses amongst HUSN opens a broader debate about the ontogeny of HIV -1 specific T cell responses, the inherent properties of the adaptive immune system and its preponderance toward degeneracy and cross reactivity. Greater understanding of these fundamental immunology questions should, improve our understanding of T cell ontogeny and hopefully prove beneficial in the design of a novel therapeutic vaccine for HIV -1.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.558213  DOI: Not available
Share: