Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.554921
Title: The genomics of acute myeloid leukaemia : an investigation into the molecular pathogenesis of acute myeloid leukaemia with t(8;21)
Author: Mannari, Deepak
Awarding Body: Queen Mary, University of London
Current Institution: Queen Mary, University of London
Date of Award: 2012
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Abstract:
Acute myeloid leukaemia is a clonal disorder characterised by recurrent chromosomal translocations. One of the commonest, is the t(8;21) which results in part of the AML1 gene being juxtaposed to most of the ETO gene with the resultant chimeric protein, AML1-ETO, acting predominantly as a transcriptional repressor. Despite the extensive literature available, the exact mechanism by which the chimeric protein results in AML has not been fully elucidated. By using exon arrays and high throughput sequencing as tools it was hoped to gain further insights into the molecular basis of this disease. Gene expression profiling using the exon arrays highlighted molecular pathways and specific genes that play a key role in the pathogenesis in t(8;21). Exon arrays were also used to profile individual exon expression of the ETO gene. This demonstrated that the genomic breakpoint of ETO in the t(8;21) is variable between different patients. This technique also resulted in the discovery of a new exon in the ETO gene. This novel exon results in formation of alternative transcripts of AML1-ETO and was shown in mouse models to play a key role in leukaemogenesis. Chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by high throughput sequencing revealed novel aspects of AML1-ETO binding. A number of novel genes that bind AML1-ETO were recognized and in conjunction with the expression data, a number of hypothesis on how AML1-ETO binding effects gene expression are made.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.554921  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Medicine ; Leukaemia ; Acute myeloid leukaemia ; Genomics
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