Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.553872
Title: Peace education and pluralistic governance as a means of conflict transformation - exploring the framework through Angola
Author: Nyirabikali, Gaudence
Awarding Body: University of Ulster
Current Institution: Ulster University
Date of Award: 2010
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Abstract:
This research examined the theoretical underpinnings of the conflict transformation approach and the practical value of this approach in the building of sustainable peace. Uniquely drawing on the 'process-structure' concept (Lederach), this research found that a core dimension of conflict transformation consisted in the development of cooperative relationships and appropriate supportive socio-political structures. The appropriateness of supportive structures was found to depend on their capacity for inclusiveness of all diverse groups of a society, and the structural prevalence of a participatory model of decision-making. The research further found that a pluralistic form of governance would lead to the development of both inclusive socio-political structures and a participatory decision-making system. This 'process- structure' would need to be supplemented with peace and human rights education programmes at all levels of a particular society, in order to create the necessary awareness and skills. In addition to the existing forms of peace education through formal and non-formal education, this research found that peace education programmes specifically tailored for political leaders would enhance the needed awareness and skills among those stakeholders who have an immediate influence on policy. Through a qualitative research strategy using semi-structured interviews, a framework comprising peace education and pluralistic governance processes was investigated within the context of Angola. Forty-five interviews were conducted with government officials, representatives of political parties and the NGO community. The following evidence emerged: • An attempt at pluralising governance was developing in the form of decentralisation; • Some learning opportunities for political leaders occurred through non-governmental initiatives, besides the provision of peace and human rights education to other members of the society. On the basis of these results; a critical analysis offered insights into how inclusive structures and citizen participation could be enhanced within the ongoing decentralisation process. This framework would have relevance to many other conflict affected contexts, especially in Africa, where the failure to reflect societal diversity in governing structures helps perpetuate conflict, hampers state-building and human development.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.553872  DOI: Not available
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