Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.553871
Title: Differential responses of a Scottish landrace of barley (Bere) to a range of agricultural inputs in Orkney
Author: Shah, Syed Suhail Mumtaz
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 2011
Availability of Full Text:
Access through EThOS:
Full text unavailable from EThOS. Please try the link below.
Access through Institution:
Abstract:
In Orkney, Bere (a landrace of barley) is traditionally cultivated in marginal areas with very low inputs. There was little information on the effects of different agricultural inputs on Bere. Therefore this research investigated the effects of nitrogen, fungicide and plant growth regulator on grain yield, quality and economic returns of Bere which were compared with Optic (a modern malting barley variety) during 2008 and 2009. The present study found that ears m-2 and 1000-grain weight were two important components responsible for yield variations between Bere and Optic and were consistently lower in the former than the latter. The results indicated that disease score, lodging index and grain nitrogen content were higher in Bere than Optic, and the former had more stable yield than the latter during the study period. Increasing nitrogen fertilizer rate enhanced ears m-2 and grain yield of both varieties. However, the highest N rate (90 kg ha-1) resulted in the highest disease score and lodging index which consequently reduced grain quality of Bere. Fungicide application at Zadoks growth stage 37 reduced disease score and enhanced grain yield of both varieties compared with control plots and this was attributed to higher ears m-2 and 1000-grain weight. The plant growth regulator Upgrade (mixture of ethephon and chlormequat chloride) applied at the recommended rate at Zadoks growth stage 31 resulted in the lowest lodging index in Bere. However, it had no significant effect on grain yield and grain nitrogen content of both varieties. Gross margin analysis indicated that Bere compared favourably with Optic due to its higher grain price. Although, plant growth regulator did not justify its expenditure for controlling lodging, its application is recommended to ease harvesting and to avoid pre-harvest yield and quality losses in Bere.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.553871  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Barley ; Agriculture
Share: