Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.551124
Title: An assessment into the effectiveness of banana tissue culture intervention schemes at improving the livelihoods of small-scale agriculturists, particularly for women producing banana in the Lake Victoria region of Uganda
Author: Leadbeater, Bridget
Awarding Body: University of Derby
Current Institution: University of Derby
Date of Award: 2011
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Abstract:
The majority of bananas/plantains in Uganda are produced for local consumption and small-scale domestic trade with comparatively less export for the global market. Nevertheless, Uganda produced the largest global quantity of bananas in 2008 (FAOSTAT 2008). The fruit is therefore of vital importance, however predominantly, it is the East African Highland varieties that are regarded as an essential domestic staple food. In particular, these bananas are grown by small-scale Bugandan women producers situated in the central region where this study is located. Food security and hunger alleviation programmes in Uganda attempt to foster the livelihoods of small-scale agriculturalists through an income generation agenda supported by many International Institutions such as the World Bank (WB), the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) and the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (UNFAO). These projects are implemented anticipating that endorsement of tissue culture banana plantlets, alongside their associated agricultural inputs and improved management practices, will ameliorate declining yields and augment livelihoods. The intention is to investigate the effectiveness of such banana tissue culture intervention programmes. In order to capture the farmers' interpretations and perspectives of these, adoption of participatory research methodology and techniques is considered integral to individual assessment. As the majority of respondents are farming banana within a 'backyard' or home garden system which entails a complex, mixed cropping regime, an agro-ecological stance is embraced to encapsulate the wider context of banana production. Thus the study is able to offer an insight into acute farmer knowledge of their environment, including species preference and agro-practices employed in banana cultivation. The central question of this enquiry is thus: 'do small-scale farmers in Uganda deem tissue culture banana plantlets worthwhile cultivating, and therefore consider this as valuable intervention to enhance their livelihoods?' A rejoinder required empirical research achieved over two phases exceeding a one and a half year period in Uganda. Forty-seven small-scale farmers were consulted in three differing locations sited within the 'fertile crescent' around Lake Victoria. Completion of life history timelines and photodiaries supplemented semi-structured interviews which took place on the homesteads of participants. Beneath the umbrella of a livelihood approach, the farmers expose broader aspects inhibiting positive outcomes related with involvement in banana tissue culture intervention programmes. The exploration further incorporates necessary discussion with scientists at the National Agricultural Research Organisation (NARO), National Agricultural Advisory (NAADS) extension agents, Non Government Organisations (NGOs) agriculture specialists and a private company, all stakeholders in some way of the banana tissue culture schemes. The analysis of the study is rooted in ecofeminist and disability studies theory, as consequently, by drawing out these connections and intricacies, proffers a rationale as to the foundation of a pervasive attitudinal bias clandestine in societies. These concepts underpin inequitable perceptions of poverty, women and people with disabilities in the present. The theoretical findings implore coalesce of authentic and inclusive investigative methods to represent 'the lived experience' of the farmer in a procedure not often applied in agricultural research.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.551124  DOI: Not available
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