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Title: Maintaining integrity in the face of death : the views and experiences of people affected by lung cancer in discussing preferences and wishes for end of life care
Author: Horne, Gillian Doris
Awarding Body: University of Nottingham
Current Institution: University of Nottingham
Date of Award: 2011
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This thesis explores the views and experiences of people with lung cancer, and family members, of discussing preferences and wishes for end of life treatment and care. It presents an interpretive analysis based on the application of a constructivist grounded theory approach. Study participants included: eighteen men and seven women with lung cancer and nineteen family members. Participants were mainly from lower socio-economic groups living in the north of England. Single, joint and group interviews were used to gather data. Interview transcripts were analysed using a constant comparative method and conceptual models were drawn to aid the development of the theoretical interpretation. The study found that preferences and wishes for future care and treatment were not the main concern of people with cancer; rather, any concerns for the future were about the social aspects of death. Participants talked about their experiences of facing death whilst striving to live in the present. Planning for one’s own dying and eventual death was not something that people with lung cancer reported having discussed, except when, out of concern for their families, practical arrangements needed to be made following death. The disclosure of a poor prognosis had a huge emotional effect on participants, who ascribed a variety of meanings to this news. Participants’ reported that clinicians usually focused on their disease; they did not recall being offered any ‘options’ or ‘choices’ for future care. They commented that their preferences and wishes for future treatment and care were influenced by their clinician, spouse, other family members and their knowledge of others affected by cancer. The theory ‘maintaining integrity in the face of death’ is proposed. This theory purports that patients with advanced lung cancer and their families focus on acting and talking as ‘normal’ to help them balance living in the present whilst facing death. This thesis makes several contributions to knowledge. First, it provides the views of people from an underrepresented group of cancer patients from lower socioeconomic classes who are rarely included in research. Secondly, it shows how people facing the end of their life place little importance on choice. They focus instead on living in the present and carrying on as normal, which challenges current UK policy that seeks to promote individual patient choice at the end of life through advance care planning. The study findings suggest that policy makers and health and social care professionals need to develop ways of helping people prepare for a ‘social’ rather than a physical or ‘medicalised’ death: a focus on developing advance care planning that provides information to support people’s practical needs at the end of life, delivered as a family intervention, thereby helping people living with lung cancer to maintain their integrity in the face of death.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QZ Pathology ; WB Practice of medicine