Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.547226
Title: Polarisation observables from strangeness photoproduction on a frozen spin target with CLAS at Jefferson Lab
Author: Fegan, Stuart
ISNI:       0000 0004 0127 6420
Awarding Body: University of Glasgow
Current Institution: University of Glasgow
Date of Award: 2012
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Abstract:
This thesis presents the first, preliminary, measurements of the Σ and G polarisation observables from strangeness photoproduction on a frozen spin polarised target, for the reactions γp→K⁺Λ and γp→K⁺Σ⁰. The data were collected at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility using the CLAS detector in Experimental Hall B in conjunction with the FROST longitudinally polarised frozen spin target and a linearly polarised photon beam in the energy range W = 1.66 to 2.32 GeV. The work forms part of a wider experimental program seeking to obtain experimental data on the excitation spectrum of the nucleon in order to better understand its structure via the measurement of polarisation observables, whose sensitivity to resonances makes them a desirable quantity to measure. By studying strangeness reactions, it may be possible to find "missing" baryon resonances, predicted by symmetric quark models but not observed in previous experiments, whose results are consistent with the di-quark model. It is thought these "missing" resonances remain undiscovered because they have different coupling strengths for different reaction channels, such as the strangeness reactions, whereas the current data is dominated by studies of πN reactions. Measurements of the photon asymmetry, Σ, have been made which agree with previous CLAS measurements, validating the use of the FROST polarised target for the measurement of other polarisation observables, such as the G beam-target double observable. The G observable was measured on the FROST target via two techniques; from beam asymmetry measurements for the two available states of target polarisation, and a novel double asymmetry method intended to combine all the available polarised data. Some inconsistencies between the G measurements for each state of target polarisation are observed, particularly at forward angles, and are much greater once dilution effects from the target material are accounted for. As well as these dilution effects, the double asymmetry technique is also limited by insufficient constraint of the associated parameters from the limited data available on the reactions studied. For K⁺Λ, the results are compared to the Kaon-MAID isobaric model calculations, both with and without the inclusion of the missing D₁₃ resonance. Both calculations are inconclusive when compared with the data, although at higher energies the calculation without the D₁₃ state better matches the trend of the results. For K⁺Σ, the model prediction, which does not include any missing states, shows agreement with the trend of the data for some of the energy bins. In light of this new data, refitting of the models should be undertaken, as the next step in the theoretical interpretation of these results. These measurements provide new information to the world dataset of polarisation observables, and with further analysis of the associated systematics of beam polarisation and dilution, the data will provide new insights into the process of strangeness photoproduction.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.547226  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QC Physics
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