Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.542280
Title: Reading to Mastery : a paraprofessional delivered small group systematic reading intervention informed by the psychology of efficacy development
Author: Horan, Jacqueline Anne
Awarding Body: University of East London
Current Institution: University of East London
Date of Award: 2010
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Abstract:
Reading to Mastery (R2M) is a one group pre-post design small group supplementary reading intervention delivered by briefly trained paraprofessionals (Teaching Assistants (TAs)) and informed by the psychology of efficacy development (Bandura, 1997, 2001). The R2M intervention focused on teaching the five components of reading (phonics, phonology, fluency, vocabulary and comprehension) in a small group environment to facilitate the development of reader and learner efficacy. TAs delivering the R2M intervention received five half-day training sessions (15 hours). R2M was implemented in two stages over a 22-week period between two and three times a day for a period of 12 minutes each time (Reading Fluency stage) and an additional 20 minutes twice weekly for the final nine weeks (Reading Comprehension stage). In total, the students (N=93), aged between 6-11 years old, received 44 to 66 hours of Reading Fluency, and 6 hours of Reading Comprehension instruction. This study evaluated the outcomes of the R2M intervention using both quantitative and qualitative measures. Student performance was assessed on the standardised measures, Reading Accuracy, Reading Comprehension (Neale, 1997) and Word Recognition British Ability Scales (Elliott, 1996), and a non-standardised measure of High Frequency Sight Vocabulary (SESS, 2004). The Reading Self-Concept (Chapman & Tunmer, 1995) and Myself-as- Learner attitude scales (Burden, 1998) were also used. A MANCOVA was used to assess the effects of R2M on the four achievement measures pre-and post intervention, with gender and chronological age identified as the covariates. Qualitative data was obtained from an inductive thematic analysis of written responses to a questionnaire completed by an opportunity sample of school staff to assess perception of outcomes following participation in the study. Results indicated a statistically significant effect on all four performance measures following participation in the R2M intervention, with chronological age positively correlated with achievement on the four measures. Incomplete data from the attitude scales meant it was not possible to analyse the effects of R2M on student attitudes or draw conclusions about student efficacy. Student outcomes on the performance measures were used to infer the ability of TAs to deliver the R2M programme effectively. Findings of the thematic analysis suggest increased individual efficacy of TAs, as well as indicators of collective or organisational efficacy of schools, in implementing the R2M intervention. Implications for future research and educational psychology practice are discussed.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.App.Ed.Chi.Psych.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.542280  DOI: Not available
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