Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.541554
Title: Using small world models to study infection communication and control
Author: Ganney, Paul Sefton
Awarding Body: University of Hull
Current Institution: University of Hull
Date of Award: 2011
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Abstract:
The modelling of infection transmission has taken many forms: The simple Susceptible-Infected-Removed (SIR) model yields good epidemiological results, but is not well suited to the modelling of the application of interventions. Attention has focused in recent years on graph (network) models and especially on those exhibiting the small-world properties described by Watts and Strogatz in “Nature” in 1998. This thesis examines such graph models, discovering several attributes which may yield improved results. In order to quantify the effects of these proposals, a classification system was developed together with a Goodness-of-Fit (GoF) measure. Additionally, a questionnaire was developed to reveal the operational organisational structure of the NHS Trust being examined. The resultant theoretical model was implemented in software and seeded with a graph derived from this questionnaire. This model was then examined to determine the effectiveness of these proposals, as measured via the GoF. The additional features proving beneficial were shown to be: full directionality in the graphs; modelling unknown paths via a new concept termed an “external path”; the division of the probability of infection transmission into three components; the seeding of the model with one derived from an organizational questionnaire. The resulting model was shown to yield very good results and be applicable to modelling both infection propagation and control.
Supervisor: Phillips, Roger Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.541554  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Computer science
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