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Title: A theology of land and temple in the Book of the Twelve : a diachronic and synchronic perspective
Author: Morgan, David M.
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 2011
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Abstract:
The Minor Prophets or the Book of the Twelve has received not a little scholarly attention in the last few years. The primary inquiry is whether these prophetic books should be read as twelve disparate works or as one collected and edited anthology of prophetic works. This thesis observes that there are three different sequences in the Hebrew (proto-MT), Greek (OG or LXX), and Qumran (4QXIIa or 4Q76) manuscript traditions.  The variation in sequence of the books – specifically seen in Joel and Micah in the Hebrew and Greek editions and Jonah in the Qumran edition – provides for a different reading strategy and distinct concern in the three extant traditions. In addition, this thesis argues there is an observable unity and coherence to the prophetic corpus of the Twelve with respect to the topoi of “land” and “temple”.  Our concern focuses on the Hebrew edition and sequence of books and what particular theology arises from this specific tradition. The first lines of the book of Hosea and the last lines of the book of Malachi provide a special emphasis on the nature of the YHWH’s land designated as Israel, whether defiled and cursed or sacred and fertile. The second book of the Twelve is Joel, and a dominant concern is that the devastation of the land poses an immediate threat to the viability and continuance of YHWH’s earthly sanctuary in Jerusalem.  The prominent themes of land and temple are also taken up in Amos-Zephaniah, but here the idea is introduced that the surrounding international peoples must be judged by YHWH in Jerusalem before YHWH can rebuild his earthly temple on Mount Zion and provide for a restored cosmos.  Haggai-Malachi concentrate almost exclusively on temple restoration and purification, and these books demonstrate that the earth will only be renewed when the deity nourishes the land through the temple cult, and the earth in return feeds the deity as he rules in his mountain temple.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.540335  DOI: Not available
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