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Title: High frequency power transformer modelling for frequency response analysis (FRA) diagnosis
Author: Li, Jie
Awarding Body: The University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2008
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Transformer fault diagnosis through Frequency Response Analysis (FRA) has been receiving a great deal of attention in recent years. As a comparative technique, FRA has good capability and sensitivity in detecting mechanical faults that are difficult to identify by conventional condition assessment techniques. Power transformers are among the most expensive equipment owned by electric utilities, and it is not reasonable to produce deformation on actual transformers and carry out measurement sensitivity studies. On the other hand, simulation models, which can accurately reproduce transformer high frequency behaviours, are flexible tools for performing FRA deformation type sensitivity studies for deriving FRA interpretation rules. The main objective of this thesis is to develop appropriate simulation models for use in FRA diagnosis and to improve the interpretation of FRA responses through simulation studies. The transformer models developed at the University of Manchester (then UMIST) were by far the best representation of state-of-art modelling techniques; the inductance and the capacitance of the basic model unit were calculated using winding geometry and material properties, the frequency dependent conductive and dielectric losses were also included. In addition, mutual capacitive and inductive couplings between units were carefully considered to ensure the accuracy of the model. However, there is still some room for improvement on these models and during this PhD research, major contributions are made on as. follows: firstly take core effect into consideration to reproduce valid FRA characteristic representation in the low frequencies, secondly status of network terminal nodes are uniformed represented by externally connecting an impedance so that during FRA deformation sensitivity study, it is flexible to change the terminal condition, thirdly reconfigure the network node and unit relationship so that tap winding connection are precisely represented as the design, finally convert the single-phase model to a three-phase model and by developing a reduced matrix model, keep the simulation accuracy intact for a three-phase transformer up to 2 MHz, at the same time reduce computational time significantly. In detail, this PhD thesis describes the following three parts of my research: Firstly a transformer model incorporating a magnetic core based on the Principle of Duality is established to interpret low frequency characteristics of FRA responses (from 10Hz to up to 1 kHz). This model includes leakage inductances and capacitances of windings and can explain FRA low frequency differences caused by asymmetry of magnetic paths in three-limb and five-limb core transformers. Secondly, FRA characteristics were studied systematically using a component-system approach through building models for single windings, a one-phase winding set and finally the three-phase transformer. In this way the effects of winding structure, inductive and capacitive coupling among windings, among phases and terminal connection effect on FRA characteristics were studied. FinaUya complete three-phase transformer reduced matrix model is built, that can flexibly represent winding terminal connection and precisely describe tap positions. Using this modelling strategy, transmission power transformers at 2751132 kVand 275/33 kV voltage levels are simulated and numerous deformation sensitivity studies are performed, in order to gain better understanding on their FRA characteristics and to identify FRA features of different winding deformation types on these transformers. The research indicates that the overall approach used to develop these simulation models has helped in improving interpretation of FRA responses. The transformer modelling techniques being developed, with further refinement, can be a useful tool for FRA diagnosis and benefit the test engineers from the industry.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available