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Title: Advanced operator splitting based semi-implicit spectral method to solve the binary and single component phase-field crystal model
Author: Bansel, Gurvinder Singh
Awarding Body: Brunel University
Current Institution: Brunel University
Date of Award: 2011
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We present extensive testing in order to find the optimum balance among errors associated with time integration, spatial discretization, and splitting for a fully spectral semi implicit scheme of the phase field crystal model. The scheme solves numerically the equations of dissipative dynamics of the binary phase field crystal model proposed by Elder et al. [Elder et al, 2007]. The fully spectral semi implicit scheme uses the operator splitting method in order to decompose the complex equations in the phase field crystal model into sub-problems that can be solved more efficiently. Using the combination of non-trivial splitting with the spectral approach, the scheme leads to a set of algebraic equations of diagonal matrix form and thus easier to solve. Using this method developed by the BCAST research team we are able to show that it speeds up the computations by orders of magnitude relative to the conventional explicit finite difference scheme, while the costs of the pointwise implicit solution per timestep remains low. Comparing both the finite difference scheme used by Elder et al [Elder et al, 2007] to the spectral semi implicit scheme, we are also able to show that the finite differencing cannot compete with the spectral differencing in regards to accuracy. This is mainly due to numerical dissipation in finite differencing. In addition the results show that this method can efficiently be parallelized for distributed memory systems, where an excellent scalability with the number of CPUs. We have applied the semi-implicit spectral scheme for binary alloys to explore polycrystalline dendritic solidification. The kinetics of transformation has been analysed in terms of Johnson-Mehl-Avrami-Kolmogorov formalism. We show that Avrami plots are not linear, and the respective Avrami-Kolmogorov exponents (PAK) vary with the transformed fraction (or time). Using the semi-implicit spectral scheme we have been able to provide extensive numerical testing of methods in solving the single component case. This has been demonstrated by using unconditional time stepping with comparable simulations using conditional time stepping. We show the accuracy of the solution for unconditional time stepping is not compromised and furthermore computational efficiency can be significantly increased with the introduction of this scheme. Finally we have investigated how the composition of the initial liquid phase influences the eutectic morphology evolving during solidification. This is the first study that addresses this question using the dynamical density functional theory.
Supervisor: Zhongyun, F. ; Granasy, L. Sponsor: EPSRC
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available